Gynaecological Endoscopic Procedures on Benign Diseases
Hysteroscopic procedure is to exam, diagnose and treat the problems in uterine cavity. Hysteroscope is a thin, flexible tube with a light at the end, which passed through vagina into uterus. This allows gynaecologist for a direct look inside the cavity to diagnose and treat abnormality. Today hysteroscopy is often used in diagnosis of menorrhagia, dysmenorrhoea, abnormal vaginal bleeding, endometrial polyps, fibroids, endometriosis and adenocarcinoma. Advantageously, the procedure can permit gynaecologist to take endometrial biopsy or remove small polyps or fibroids without the need for further surgery. Most patients can go home the same day and return to normal activities the day following procedure.
Laparoscopic procedure and single port surgery, also called minimally invasive surgery or keyhole surgery, are modern surgical technique. The laparoscope is placed through a small incision made below or inside the navel while other surgical instruments are placed through other incisions, usually 2-3, in the lower abdomen to explore and make a diagnosis or to perform a surgical procedure. Single port surgery as named, gynaecologist operates exclusively through a single entry point, typically the patient’s navel. A uterine manipulator moves the organs into view. The images of the pelvic organs can be showed on a screen. This advanced technique is applicable on different gynaecological procedures, such as
- Laparoscopic sterilization
- Pelvic adhesiolysis
- Ovarian cystectomy
Advantages of laparoscopy over open surgery are obvious. Patients can benefit from reduced hemorrhaging, less pain, less post-operative scarring and speed recovery. Hospitalization can be shortening to one to two days.
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